Mbundu

/euhm boon"dooh/, n., pl. Mbundus, (esp. collectively) Mbundu for 1.
1. Also called Ovimbundu. a Bantu-speaking people of southern Angola.
2. Also called Umbundu. the Bantu language of the Mbundu people.
3. Kimbundu.

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Group of Bantu-speaking peoples of north-central Angola.

In the 15th century they founded the Ndongo kingdom, a rival of the Kongo kingdom. It was destroyed by the Portuguese in the late 1600s. In the 1970s the Mbundu provided the main support for the Marxist-oriented Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), which assumed power in 1976. Today they number about 2.3 million.

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people
also called  Kimbundu  

      second largest ethnolinguistic group of Angola, comprising a diversity of peoples who speak Kimbundu, a Bantu language. Numbering about 2,420,000 in the late 20th century, they occupy much of north-central Angola and live in the area from the coastal national capital of Luanda eastward, between the Dande (north) and Kwanza (Cuanza; south) rivers. They are distinct from the more populous Ovimbundu, their neighbours who occupy the Benguela Highlands to the south.

      In the 16th century the Mbundu were organized into groups that had loose political connections. In response to pressure from the Kongo Kingdom to the north, the Mbundu leadership centred on the ngola (ruler) of the Ndongo people. This centralization was destroyed by the Portuguese, who from the late 16th to the late 17th century provoked warfare and slaving among the peoples of the region.

      The small amount of ethnological study of the Mbundu shows them to be related linguistically to the Ovimbundu and culturally to the Kongo, their neighbours to the north. Their cultural diversity has been reinforced by a traditional restraint on intertribal marriage and by long contact with the Portuguese and other Europeans. The Mbundu include many acculturated persons in the Luanda area as well as the staunchly conservative Dembo (Ndembo) of the interior. Major groups of the Mbundu are the Ngbaka (Mbaka), Ndongo, and Mbondo. In the 1970s the Mbundu peoples provided the main ethnic support for the Marxist-oriented Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola, which assumed power in 1976 after the end of Portuguese colonial rule in 1975.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mbundu — may refer to: Northern Mbundu people (Ambundu) North Mbundu language (Kimbundu) Southern Mbundu people (Ovimbundu) South Mbundu language (Umbundu) This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same title. If an …   Wikipedia

  • Mbundu — [m bo͞on′do͞o΄, embo͞on′do͞o΄] n. 1. pl. Mbundus or Mbundu a member of a group of related peoples of WC Angola 2. the Bantu language of these peoples …   English World dictionary

  • Mbundu — ethnie du N. de l Angola (env. 2 400 000 personnes). Ils parlent une langue bantoue, le kimbundu. V. Ovimbundu …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Mbundu — Mbụndu,   Ovimbụndu, Bantuvolk im zentralen Westangola, vom Atlantik bis zum Hochland von Bié. Die etwa 3,5 Mio. Mbundu waren frühzeitig europäischen (portugiesischen) Einflüssen ausgesetzt und sind heute weitgehend christianisiert. Nördlich… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Mbundu — Der Wortstamm Mbundu bezeichnet, mit verschiedenen Präfixen versehen, zwei ethnische Gruppen und deren Sprachen in Angola: die Ambundu (auch nördliche Mbundu genannt, oft ohne das Präfix A als „Mbundu“ bezeichnet, umgangssprachlich auch als… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mbundu — Mbun•du [[t]ˈbʊn du, əmˈbʊn [/t]] n. pl. dus, (esp. collectively) du. 1) peo a) a member of an African people or group of peoples of N Angola b) peo the Bantu language of the Mbundu 2) peo Ovimbundu …   From formal English to slang

  • Mbundu — noun An ethnic group of Angola. See Also: Kimbundu, Umbundu …   Wiktionary

  • mbundu — Grupo de pueblos de habla bantú de la región centro norte de Angola. En el s. XV fundaron el reino Ndongo, rival del reino del Kongo (ver kongo). Fue destruido por los portugueses a fines de la década de 1600. En la década de 1970 fueron el… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • mbundu — mbun·du (əm boonґdoo) [Umbundu language of Angola] a poison used in Angola, made from roots of trees of genus Strychnos …   Medical dictionary

  • mbundu — mbun·du …   English syllables

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