/is ken"deuh roohn'/, n.
1. Formerly, Alexandretta. a seaport in S Turkey, on the Gulf of Iskenderun. 79,291.
2. Gulf of, an inlet of the Mediterranean, off the S coast of Turkey. 45 mi. (72 km) long; 28 mi. (45 km) wide.

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      seaport and chief city of İskenderun ilçe (district), Hatay il (province), southern Turkey, located on the eastern shore of the Gulf of Iskenderun. It lies on or near the site of Alexandria ad Issum, founded to commemorate Alexander the Great's victory over Darius III at Issus (333 BC). The port was an outlet for the medieval and early modern overland trade from Iran, India, and eastern Asia, before the development of alternate shipping routes around the Cape of Good Hope and later through the Suez Canal. Traditionally, it was the port for the Ottoman province of Aleppo, now in Syria, and in 1918–37 it served as the capital of the autonomous sancak (subdivision of an Ottoman province) of Alexandretta under French mandate.

      After the return of the district (renamed Hatay) to Turkey (1939), İskenderun was replaced by Antioch (Antakya) as provincial capital but grew rapidly through improvement in its port facilities, its choice as a military centre and Turkish naval base on the Mediterranean, the establishment of industries (chiefly fertilizer and steel), and the construction of the oil pipeline from Raman Dağı. By 1955 it had surpassed Antioch in population.

      Lying on an alluvial plain below the Nur Dağları (mountains), modern İskenderun has fine buildings and avenues and is well served by highways and a railway linking it with other Turkish towns. It is also linked by air with Adana, Ankara, and Istanbul. Pop. (2000) city, 159,149.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Iskenderun — İskenderun …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ISKENDERUN — (formerly Alexandretta), harbor town on the Mediterranean coast of Turkey on the gulf of the same name; population (2004), 173,900. The town (along with its district), first attached to Syria under the French mandate, was annexed to Turkey in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Iskenderŭn — Iskenderŭn, arab. Name für Alexandrette …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Iskenderun — → Alejandreta …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • Iskenderun — [is ken′də ro͞on΄] seaport in S Turkey, on the Mediterranean: pop. 176,000 …   English World dictionary

  • İskenderun — Infobox Settlement settlement type = subdivision type = Country subdivision name = TUR timezone=EET utc offset=+2 map caption =Location of PAGENAME within Turkey. timezone DST=EEST utc offset DST=+3official name = İskenderun other name= image… …   Wikipedia

  • İskenderun — Vorlage:Infobox Ort in der Türkei/Wartung/Landkreis İskenderun …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • İskenderun — İskẹnderun,   Hafenstadt in der Provinz Hatay, Südtürkei, am Golf von İskenderun (Mittelmeer), in der schmalen, fruchtbaren Küstenebene am Fuße des Amanos, (1990) 176 000 Einwohner (1970: 79 300 Einwohner); Eisen und Stahlwerk (Inbetriebnahme… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Iskenderun — Alexandrette İskenderun Alexandrette La bataille d Issos Administration …   Wikipédia en Français

  • İskenderun — Alexandrette İskenderun Alexandrette La bataille d Issos Administration …   Wikipédia en Français

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